St. Catherines Island was separated from the mainland just after cal 3000 b.c., and aboriginal foragers arrived shortly thereafter.

Spanish Colonial

(1565 - 1680)

The Guale Indians living at Santa Catalina and elsewhere along the Georgia coast were among the first indigenous peoples met by Europeans.

English Colonial

(1733 - 1781)

James Edward Oglethorpe founded the colony of Georgia in 1733 to be a place for people seeking a second chance.


(1800 - 1865)

At around 200 years ago, Dr. Bullie saw some of the same buildings that are in use today by the St. Catherines Island Foundation.


(1865 - Present)

After the fall of Savannah and Charleston and under Field Order 15, St. Catherines Island came under the control of the Freedman’s Bureau.

20th Century

(Wildlife Survival Center)

In 1974, Dr. David Hurst Thomas of the American Museum of Natural History arrived to see if the island had any potential for archaeological research.